Posted by: xeper | September 30, 2008

Ancient Egypt Links to South America

An interesting comment to “The Face of Anubis” from my egyptologist friend defends the Jackal-Head theory about the representation of Anpu/Anubis based on two observations:

  • The dog breed Xolo, which I propose as the original face of Anpu, could not have been known outside America, presumably until Columbus discovered the Americas
  • The full-body representation of Anpu reminds more of jackals than dogs, and the black color which is not known in any real-life jackal should be attributed to symbolism

I will have to respond on two parts, each responding to one of the observations. Let’s start by examining when Egyptians had close enough contact with America to know about the black dog breed Xolo, protector of the dead in ancient America, enough to adopt the figure as the black-faced Anubis, protector of the dead in ancient Egypt.

There’s a noteworthy book called “Visitors to Ancient America“, pages 38 and 39 of which describe the voyage of the boat Ra II, a 1970 voyage from Africa to America on a papyrus boat designed similarly to ancient Egyptian boats, which proves that Ancient Egyptians and Phoenicians had material and technical knowledge capable of carrying them across the Atlantic**.

But is there evidence of such a voyage having actually happened? Well, it seems adventurers who travel the ocean in ancient-designed boats seem to gain their confidence that it could be done from such evidence. In addition to the well-established Anubis Parallels I mentioned in The Face of Anubis that cannot be attributed to mere coincidence, traces of nicotine and cocaine* found in Ancient Egyptian mummies need explanation. I imagine the cost of tobacco would have been prohibitive to average Egyptians of the time (lucky for them), yet relatively small quantities for the most exclusive consumption seems to have existed. The Old World in general had knowledge of America before Columbus; there is evidence of Nordic countries reaching America, and China had settlements in America, but it’s not today’s topic.

So, to wrap up, contrary to the euro-centric naïvety and self-important beliefs of post-renaissance European adventurers, the Old World almost always had relations with the “New World”, Egypt had trade and possibly more relations with America. And could they have known American mythology and exchanged symbolism? Indeed.

Next part: “Anubis: Jackal, Wolf, or Trans-Atlantic Dog?” presents my findings about the jackal-head claim of nowaday’s egyptology, and will be followed by the Head/Face discussion in a following post God willing.


* As described here, here, here, here, here and here and discussed here and here

** More can be found here, here, here and here. Also “Current Anthropology” presents a scholarly reference in Santiago Genoves’ paper Papyrus Rafts Across the Atlantic



  1. […] responded to my comments with this article, and out of respect to the trouble he has taken with such a reply, I wish to address the points […]

  2. Sorry I didn’t respond sooner, I was out of town yesterday. I’ve put a responce to this on my blog, so let me know your thoughts. Hope all is well. Take care 🙂

  3. […] […]

  4. […] […]

  5. There are two Egypt one in Americas and the later in Africa. the same black Africans built both!! see the Author of ‘ When Rocks Cry Out ” All the Old Testaments and New Testaments are the narratives of actual events that happened in the Americas The Holy Land; Jerusalem, Israel are in the Americas and not the middle east! like we have been lead to think! the biblical theologians and translators purposely added vowels and changed some things around to hide the true origin and source of the biblical accounts. See the wonderful works of Horace Butler’s When Rocks Cry Out This is a very good book. Now we know for sure that the Pharaohs or original Egyptians were black Africans and they left their stories in the stars. Now Our story ( Moors / Black ) is out in the open. Amon or Amen were an Egyptian Pharaohs who ruled in the Americas.

  6. The boat which was used in 1970 was based on the boats used in Lake Titicaca, in the Andes in South America, which superficially resemble boats used in the marshes of southern Sudan and Chad. The boats used in the marshes were unable to handle a sea voyage, but the Inca boats from Lake Titicaca were sufficiently watertight to make the voyage from Morocco to the Americas. I remember the National Geographic article, though I don’t have access to it now.

  7. zwłoki, na szczęście śliczne, wylizane do cna szorstkim,
    dormouse smoczym
    językiem. Było ich jeszcze dłużej, niektóre miękkie przedtem,
    rozpadające się. Coś zabrzęczało trącone kolanem, rycerz

  8. ść.
    Nie pamiętała, kiedy wydostała się ze Mose śmierdzącej kałuży, co sporządziło,
    siedziała oparta o niezdolny do odczuwania ściana kamieniczki.
    Zupa, co dostrzegła, owe pochylająca
    się powyżej nią facjata z wymykającym się spod misiurki kosmykiem jasnych włosów.

    Opuściła czuprynę, tłuste strąki włosów zasłoniły oczy.

    Miotełka niesforny spod misiurki nie był klarowny, był białoszary.

    Owe nie.

  9. Hello.
    Would you mind sharing which blog platform you’re using? I’m going to start my own blog in the
    near future but I’m having a difficult time deciding between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal. The reason I ask is because your design and style seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for something unique.

    P.S. My apologies for getting off-topic but I had to ask!

  10. Αncient Egypt Links to South America

  11. I want to add a registration form to Joomla.. . I need to be able to edit the fields of the form. . The form needs to register people as users in Joomla, and trigger an HTML welcome email, as well as a notification to an admin about the registration.. . I’ve tried community builder, but you can’t disable things like username, which is irrelevant to me, and the welcome emails won’t do HTML.. . Any suggestions?.

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